Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand are pretty much similar and mirror each other’s geography and topography. While HP attained statehood way longer than the UK, there are certain more Key Differences between Both favouring Himachal Pradesh more developed than Uttarakhand
Human Development Index
HDI, which corresponds to Human Development Index, accounts for Average life expectancy, rate of mortality, literacy, Sex Ratio, rate of unemployment and more statistics is 0.725 for Himachal Pradesh making it a Higher HDI State. While Uttarakhand is a Medium HDI with 0.684. This means an average Himachali Person lives longer, is more educated and well paid than its UK counterpart. Himachal Pradesh has the country’s oldest voter, Many Of its districts have a literacy rate and sex ratio way higher than National Average.
Himachal Pradesh is a geographically diverse region spread across hundreds of valleys having major rivers flowing through those, spreading across The Highest cold desert regions to the low laying pastures and meadows. Due to its diverse geography and position within the Country, it is relatively easier to access Himachal Pradesh from the state of Punjab, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh, Unlike Uttarakhand which can only be accessed from Haryana, Delhi, HP and UP. Borders of Nepal & China are useless when it comes to Accessibility to Uttarakhand.
Himachal Pradesh & Uttarakhand fall into The Greater, Lesser and Outer Himalayas. However, a large region in Outer Shivalik Hills Range is a low laying Spread Of Relatively easier Terrains which favours the possibility of large planned urban centres near the border areas of Punjab & Haryana.
Himachal Pradesh has a large network of well-paved roads connecting all major districts Headquarters and urban centres to the rest of the country. Many of the roads have been widened and developed at par with international standards in the last decade. At present there are more than 18 National and 25 State Highways in the state and the majority of these are in the best condition. A state’s development largely depends on its quality of roads. Uttarakhand certainly lags behind in the amount and quality of Roads.
Due to better road infrastructure, The state Transport in and out of the state significantly improved due to the introduction of a Large Fleet Of Volvo / Scania Buses.
In general, the population does not correspond to the development of a certain state/country but the state resources must be equally distributed per Capita and readily available to most of its general public. Himachal Pradesh has a population of 6.8 Million people, way lesser than that of Uttarakhand, having a lesser geographical area than the former. There is a negligible disparity between people. In Himachal Pradesh, people are well off with an abundance of personal space and resources. On average, a Himachali person has ownership of a larger land area, a larger house and a place to practice agriculture or run a business than a native Uttarakhand counterpart. It gives room to grow and lead a happier life. No Non-Himachali can buy land in H.P. unlike in Uttarakhand.
HP has built some of the Highly engineered Hydro-Electricity Projects on nearly all Rivers that flow through it. It has constructed small scale Projects in all districts to cater to Electricity Needs. Thus Most of the Power is supplied to the neighbouring states of Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, Delhi and Rajasthan due to which HP is paid huge revenue for Electricity it sells. People of the state get Electricity at subsidised rates which costs them too lesser. Himachal Pradesh has a larger number of dams than Uttarakhand.
Other major dams and power projects are Pong Dam, Salapar Dam, Pandoh Dam, Chamera Dam, Nathpa Jhakhri, Shanan, largi , Barot and Binwa .
Since the Dams makes reservoirs, Major Water Bodies Like Govind Sagar Lake & Pong Lake cater to the Drinking water and irrigation needs of a large population.
Fruit & Vegetable Processing
Apple Production and Processing is technically advanced and past tie-ups with International Companies has boosted sales and export. A large share of the state GDP comes from Apple which is exported within the Indian States and Foreign Countries.
Himachal Pradesh has the best processing and cold storage facilities.
Literacy -Education is another key factor in which H.P. tops as it holds 3rd Position in Literacy rates among all Indian States. It opens ample scopes of Jobs in various sectors. A less populated state (6.8 million) with 90% Educated citizens is an obvious reason For swift growth in economic activities. Also, Himachal has always been a favourite destination for Schooling for many people in and out of the Country. There are many International Schools, Advanced Research Centres and Sports Complexes within the state. Hamirpur district of Himachal Pradesh is the highest literate district in India with a 100% rate.
The biggest impact of its Educational structure is seen on Immigrants Workers from UP and Bihar. Ever reluctant and dominating on Children Educational and Favoring child marriage and Dowry in past, these less literate skilled labourers believe in educating their children and they are growing in all spheres of lives.
Environment-Friendly policies and prohibited use of polythene and tobacco products help HP in gaining this status. Garbage management, 100% NO open Defecation and practically less crime rate ( Reporting Rate ) are some additional and important benefits in its legacy. NGT (National Green Tribunal) has limited Diesel cars and vehicles more than 10 years old entering specially protected areas.
Himachal Pradesh has declared an open defecation free state way back then massive Clean India Champagne spread across the country. There are no clogged water bodies and thus people in Himachal Pradesh enjoy access to Highly Portable Clean Drinking water. It is extremely vital for a state for its people to have pure water which Himachalis use free of cost. They pay a yearly ₹100 as a maintenance fee and that it is all.
The State is home to natural beauty and Magnificent Scenery just like Uttarakhand. However, Himachal Pradesh has successfully implemented certain policies which made it an International Destination. Although Uttarakhand has prominent International tourism, Himachal Pradesh is benefited by ;
This makes a positive influence to Tourists and followers from all round the World. Kasol, being Mini Israel attracts millions of National and International Tourists.
Especially, Those visiting Ladakh, travel all the way through Himachal Pradesh and also visit Spiti & Sach Pass , providing HP with Additional Tourists.
World’s Highest Village, post office, Hockey Ground, Natural Ice Skating rink, Golf course and erstwhile Bridge & Dams are all here. Adventurous sports attract many professions and non-professionals. The UK could not yield much from its Tourism and Sports.
Prominent People -In British Times, the government had developed the Area by adding Railway and Administration Infrastructure. Shimla used to be the summer capital of British India.
The richness of Himachal Culture and olden Time Kings (Rajas) expanded by its colonisation by the British. It led to Tea Production in State. Handicrafts, Handlooms.
Also, it was always liked by prominent Artists like Roriech, Sobha Singh, Osho, Khushwant Singh and Atal Bihari Bajpayee. Since it’s is one of the Largest soldiers providers to the Indian Military, renowned Martyrs like PVC Capt Vikram Batra, Saurabh Kalia and Amol Kalia are the heroes Of the masses.
The people in Entertainment Industry have achieved a lot. Preity Zinta, Anupam Kher, Kangna Ranaut, Khali and Mohit Chauhan are few examples. His Holiness the Dalai Lama having seat in Dharamsala is the icon of Buddhism in the entire World
Although UK is the home to 4 dhams of Hindu Religion and generate revenue from that, Destinations like Naina Devi, Chintpurni, Jwala Devi and Chamunda, being nearer to Punjab receive many devotees exceeding limits in Navaratras. Its also rich in Cultural Festivals and Fairs, Kullu Dussehra, Lavi Rampur, Chamba Fair, Hamir Utsav, Sujanpur Holi, Nalvadi Bilaspur and Mandi Shivratri are few to name. These International Festivals make up more revenue than UK.
Asia’s Biggest Pharmaceutical Hub is Baddi, in Solan district, which provides employment to a large number of people. The government is paid a huge revenue for this. Cricket Stadium in Dharamsala is considered to be the most beautifully constructed stadium and receives tourists during IPL. A single IPL series is enough to generate revenue more than UK in the Field of sports.
We certainly believe that Uttarakhand is a beautiful state and has tremendous potential to grow and develop in all fields.
These are a few of the factors which makes Himachal ahead of Uttrakhand. If all the above factors applied to Uttrakhand, it would take some years to be like Himachal Pradesh. Every state is best within it as so is Uttrakhand having almost everything that a developed state needs, the proper implementation of policies will show its true potential.